Monday, February 27, 2017

Paulette Goddard



Paulette Goddard was a child model who debuted in "The Ziegfeld Follies" at the age of 13. She gained fame with the show as the girl on the crescent moon, and was married to a wealthy man by the time she was 16. After her divorce she went to Hollywood in 1931, where she appeared in small roles in pictures for a number of studios. A stunning natural...

Paulette Goddard (born Marion Levy; June 3, 1910 – April 23, 1990) was an American actress. A child fashion model and a performer in several Broadway productions as a Ziegfeld Girl, she became a major star of the Paramount Studio in the 1940s. Her most notable films were her first major role, as Charles Chaplin's leading lady in Modern Times, and Chaplin's subsequent film The Great Dictator. She was nominated for an Academy Award for Best Supporting Actress for her performance in So Proudly We Hail! (1943). Her husbands included Chaplin, Burgess Meredith, and Erich Maria Remarque.



Goddard was the only child of Joseph Russell Levy (1881–1954), who was Jewish, and the son of a prosperous cigar manufacturer from Salt Lake City, and of Alta Mae Goddard (1887–1983), who was Episcopalian and of English heritage.[11][12] They married in 1908 and separated while their daughter was very young, although the divorce did not become final until 1926. According to Goddard, her father left them, but according to J.R. Levy, Alta absconded with the child.[11] Goddard was raised by her mother, and did not meet her father again until the late 1930s, after she had become famous.[13]

In a 1938 interview published in Collier's, Goddard claimed Levy was not her biological father.[13] In response, Levy filed a suit against his daughter, claiming that the interview had ruined his reputation and cost him his job, and demanded financial support from her. In a December 17, 1945, article written by Oliver Jensen in Life Magazine, Goddard admitted to having lost the case and being forced to pay her father $35 a week.

To avoid a custody battle, her mother and she moved often during her childhood, even relocating to Canada at one point.[11] Goddard began modelling at an early age to support her mother and herself, working for Saks Fifth Avenue and Hattie Carnegie, among others. An important figure in her childhood was her great-uncle, Charles Goddard, the owner of the American Druggists Syndicate. He played a central role in Goddard's career, introducing her to Broadway impresario Florenz Ziegfeld.[11]



In 1926, she made her stage debut as a dancer in Ziegfeld's summer review, No Foolin', which was also the first time that she used the stage name Paulette Goddard.[14] Ziegfeld hired her for another musical, Rio Rita, which opened in February 1927, but she left the show after only three weeks to appear in the play The Unconquerable Male, produced by Archie Selwyn.[15] It was, however, a flop and closed after only three days following its premiere in Atlantic City.[15]

Soon after the play closed, Goddard was introduced to Edgar James, president of the Southern Lumber Company, located in Asheville, North Carolina, by Charles Goddard.[16] Aged 17, considerably younger than James, they married on June 28, 1927, in Rye, New York. It was a short marriage, and Goddard was granted a divorce in Reno, Nevada, in 1929, receiving a divorce settlement of $375,000.[16]

Goddard first visited Hollywood in 1929, when she appeared as an uncredited extra in two films, the Laurel and Hardy short film Berth Marks, and George Fitzmaurice's drama The Locked Door.[17] Following her divorce, she briefly visited Europe before returning to Hollywood in late 1930 with her mother. Her second attempt at acting was no more successful than the first, as she landed work only as an extra. In 1932, she signed her first film contract with producer Samuel Goldwyn to appear as a Goldwyn Girl in The Kid from Spain. However, Goldwyn and she did not get along, and she began working for Hal Roach, appearing in a string of uncredited supporting roles for the next four years.[17]

The year she signed with Goldwyn, Goddard began dating Charlie Chaplin, a relationship that received substantial attention from the press.[17][18] It marked a turning point in Goddard's career when Chaplin cast her as his leading lady in his next box office hit, Modern Times, in 1936. Her role as "The Gamin", an orphan girl who runs away from the authorities and becomes The Tramp's companion, was her first credited film appearance and garnered her mainly positive reviews, Frank S. Nugent of The New York Times describing her as "the fitting recipient of the great Charlot's championship".[17]

Following the success of Modern Times, Chaplin planned other projects with Goddard in mind as a co-star, but he worked slowly, and Goddard worried that the public might forget about her if she did not continue to make regular film appearances. She signed a contract with David O. Selznick and appeared with Janet Gaynor in the comedy The Young in Heart (1938) before Selznick loaned her to MGM to appear in two films. The first of these, Dramatic School (1938), co-starred Luise Rainer, but the film received mediocre reviews and failed to attract an audience.[19] Her next film, The Women (1939), was a success. With an all-female cast headed by Norma Shearer, Joan Crawford, and Rosalind Russell, the film's supporting role of Miriam Aarons was played by Goddard. Pauline Kael would later comment of Goddard, "she is a stand-out. She's fun."[20]

Selznick was pleased with Goddard's performances, particularly her work in The Young at Heart, and considered her for the role of Scarlett O'Hara. Initial screen tests convinced the director George Cukor and him that Goddard would require coaching to be effective in the role, but that she showed promise,[21] and she was the first actress given a Technicolor screen test.[21] Russell Birdwell, the head of Selznick's publicity department, had strong misgivings about Goddard. He warned Selznick of the "tremendous avalanche of criticism that will befall us and the picture should Paulette be given this part ... I have never known a woman, intent on a career dependent upon her popularity with the masses, to hold and live such an insane and absurd attitude towards the press and her fellow man as does Paulette Goddard ... Briefly, I think she is dynamite that will explode in our very faces if she is given the part." Selznick remained interested in Goddard and after he had been introduced to Vivien Leigh, he wrote to his wife that Leigh was a "dark horse" and that his choice had "narrowed down to Paulette, Jean Arthur, Joan Bennett, and Vivien Leigh".[21]

After a series of tests with Leigh that pleased both Selznick and Cukor, Selznick cancelled the further tests that had been scheduled for Goddard, and the part was given to Leigh.[21] It has been suggested that Goddard lost the part because Selznick feared that questions surrounding her marital status with Charlie Chaplin would result in scandal. However, Selznick was aware that Leigh and Laurence Olivier lived together, as their respective spouses had refused to divorce them,[22] and in addition to offering Leigh a contract, he engaged Olivier as the leading man in his next production Rebecca (1940).[23] Chaplin's biographer Joyce Milton wrote that Selznick was worried about legal issues by signing her to a contract that might conflict with her preexisting contracts with the Chaplin studio.[24]


Paulette Goddard in a publicity shot for A Stranger Came Home (1954)
Goddard signed a contract with Paramount Pictures and her next film The Cat and the Canary (1939) with Bob Hope, was a turning point in the careers of both actors. She starred with Chaplin again in his 1940 film, The Great Dictator. The couple split amicably soon afterward, and Goddard allegedly obtained a divorce in Mexico in 1942, with Chaplin agreeing to a generous settlement. She was Fred Astaire's leading lady in Second Chorus (1940), where she met her third husband, actor Burgess Meredith. One of her best-remembered film appearances was in the variety musical Star Spangled Rhythm (1943), in which she sang a comic number, "A Sweater, a Sarong, and a Peekaboo Bang", with Dorothy Lamour and Veronica Lake.[25]

She received one Oscar nomination for Best Supporting Actress, for the 1943 film So Proudly We Hail!, but did not win. Her most successful film was Kitty (1945), in which she played the title role. In The Diary of a Chambermaid (1946), she starred opposite Burgess Meredith, to whom she was married at the time. Cecil B. DeMille cast her in three blockbusters: North West Mounted Police (1940), Reap the Wild Wind (1942), and Unconquered (1947).[25] During the Hollywood Blacklist, when she and blacklisted husband Meredith were mobbed by a baying crowd screaming "Communists!" on their way to a premiere, Goddard is said to have turned to her husband and said, "Shall I roll down the window and hit them with my diamonds, Bugsy?"

In 1947, she made An Ideal Husband in Britain for Alexander Korda, and was accompanied on a publicity trip to Brussels by Clarissa Spencer-Churchill, niece of Sir Winston Churchill and future wife of future Prime Minister Anthony Eden. In 1949, she formed Monterey Pictures with John Steinbeck. Her last starring roles were the English production A Stranger Came Home (known as The Unholy Four in the United States), and Charge of the Lancers in 1954. She also acted in summer stock and on television, including the 1955 television remake of The Women, this time playing the Sylvia Fowler role, however.[18]



An 18th century London wench gets involved with the nobility.  London, 1783: Kitty, a saucy wench of the slums, meets the painter Gainsborough by stealing his shoes. He paints her as an "anonymous lady" who excites the interest of his noble friends, notably penniless Sir Hugh Marcy, who schemes to pass Kitty off as a genuine lady (a formidable task) and marry her off for financial gain. But Kitty has her own ideas about the uses of matrimony. Lots of decolletage.


Director: Mitchell Leisen
Writers: Rosamond Marshall (novel), Karl Tunberg | 1 more credit »
Stars: Paulette Goddard, Ray Milland, Patric Knowles

Enterprise Video Streaming
Actress (64 credits)
 1972The Snoop Sisters (TV Series)
Norma Treet
The Female Instinct (1972) ... Norma Treet
 1964Time of Indifference
Mariagrazia
 1961The Phantom (TV Movie)
Mrs. Harris
 1953-1957The Ford Television Theatre (TV Series)
Holly March / Nancy Whiting
Singapore (1957) ... Holly March
The Doctor's Downfall (1953) ... Nancy Whiting
 1957The Joseph Cotten Show: On Trial (TV Series)
Dolly
The Ghost of Devil's Island (1957) ... Dolly
 1956The Errol Flynn Theatre (TV Series)
Rachel
Mademoiselle Fifi (1956) ... Rachel
 1955Producers' Showcase (TV Series)
Sylvia Fowler
The Women (1955) ... Sylvia Fowler
 1954Sherlock Holmes (TV Series)
Lady Nina Beryl
The Case of Lady Beryl (1954) ... Lady Nina Beryl
 1954The Unholy Four
Angie
 1953Paris Model
Betty Barnes
 1953Vice Squad
Mona Ross
 1952Babes in Bagdad
Kyra
 1950The Torch
María Dolores Penafiel
 1948Hazard
Ellen Crane
 1945Kitty
Kitty
 1944I Love a Soldier
Evelyn Connors
 1943So Proudly We Hail!
Lt. Joan O'Doul
 1943The Crystal Ball
Toni Gerard
 1942The Forest Rangers
Celia Huston Stuart
 1941Nothing But the Truth
Gwen Saunders
 1941Pot o' Gold
Molly McCorkle
 1940Second Chorus
Ellen Miller
 1940North West Mounted Police
Louvette Corbeau
 1940The Great Dictator
Hannah
 1939The Cat and the Canary
Joyce Norman
 1938The Young in Heart
Leslie Saunders
 1936The Bohemian Girl
Gypsy Vagabond (unconfirmed, uncredited)
 1934Kid Millions
Goldwyn Girl (uncredited)
 1933Roman Scandals
Goldwyn Girl (uncredited)
 1933The Bowery
Blonde (uncredited)
 1932The Kid from Spain
Goldwyn Girl (uncredited)
 1932Girl Grief (Short)
Student (uncredited)
 1932Pack Up Your Troubles
Bridesmaid (uncredited)
 1932Young Ironsides (Short)
Miss Hollywood (uncredited)
 1932Show Business (Short)
Blonde Train Passenger (uncredited)
 1932The Mouthpiece
Platinum Blonde at Party (uncredited)
 1931Ladies of the Big House
Inmate in Midst of Crowd (uncredited)
 1931Palmy Days
Goldwyn Girl (uncredited)
 1931The Girl Habit
Lingerie salesgirl
 1931City Streets
Nightclub Patron (uncredited)
 1930Whoopee!
Goldwyn Girl (uncredited)
 1929The Locked Door
Girl on Rum Boat (uncredited)
 1929Berth Marks (Short)
Train Passenger (uncredited)

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